Anaesthesia And Critical Care
At the Anasthesia department office
Appointment on Visitation important
|National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria
The effectiveness of oral ketamine and oral midazolam as sedatives in paediatric dental extractions in Lagos, Nigeria.
Anxiety can be an impediment to accessing health care especially oral and dental care due to the noises from equipment and procedures like drilling. practitioners peering into ones oral cavity could also stimulate anxiety especially in children, thus leading to worsening pathologies as well as complications from lack of care or incomplete care from uncooperative patients. several methods have been used for behavioural modification. Some of which are unpleasant. chemical restraints have proven to be effective in the management of the paediatric patient for dental care.The prospective double blind study was conducted on 104 patients between the ages of 2 and 10 years of age. The patients were divides into two equal groups by simple ballot technique. Groups A received oral dose of ketamine at 7.5 mg/kg while Group B received 0.75mg/kg of oral midazolam. The level of sedation, ease of administration of local anaesthetic agent, ease of completion of tooth extraction by the practitioner as well as the side effects of the two study drugs were compared. In the study both medications were effective in providing sedation for dental extractions while side effects were more prominent with ketamine making midazolam the more suitable drug.
OLADOKUN OLUWASEUN is a Lecturer I at the Department of Anasthesia
OLADOKUN has a Fellowship in Anaesthesia from National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria