Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
At the Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery department office
Appointment on Visitation important
Topic: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PATTERN OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES: A SINGLE CENTER PROSPECTIVE STUDY
Background: Maxillofacial trauma involves both the soft and hard tissues of the face, with varying pattern, severity, type, and etiology.. The global prevalence of these injuries is well documented..This study reviews the pattern, challenges and current management of maxillofacial trauma in Lagos State university teaching hospitals, Nigeria.
Method:A prospective cohort study of 140 maxillofacial trauma cases seen and treated at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital from January 2017 till date. Age, sex, aetiology, nature of injury and anatomical site of trauma were collected using a proforma. Descriptive analysis of data collected was done using percentages, frequencies distribution and chi-square tests. P value set at <0.05.
Results:The mean age distribution of 140 patients analyzed was 33.5 years (SD +/- 12.2 years) with male to female ratio of 3:1. Motorbike accidents and tricycles 56 (40.0%) accounted for highest cause of trauma and the least cause of injury was domestic injury 20 (14.3%). Highest period of incidence was noted in September- December 57 ( 40.7%) while May – August 38 (27.1%) recorded the least. The mandible was the most affected anatomical site 67 (48.2%), followed by the Zygomatic bone complex 32 (23.2%). The mandible and Zygomatic bone complex were the combined most injured anatomical sites in both male and female patients 7 (5.0%)
Conclusion:Maxillofacial trauma is more predominant among the male population in the 4th decade of life. Trauma from motor-bike accidents is commoner than previously reported, and the mandible was the most common anatomical site affected. Policy efforts should be directed toward the use of safety helmets for motor-bike and tricycle riders, with strict enforcement, particularly in the 4thquarter of the year..
|1.||Fellow of AOCMF (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)||University Hospital Birmingham, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, U.K||2018|
KUYE OLASUNKANMI is a Lecturer I at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
KUYE has a Fellow of AOCMF in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from University Hospital Birmingham, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, U.K