Meet ANIMASHAUN MARUF SURAQAT, an Academic Staff of Lagos State University.



Senior Lecturer


Foreign Languages


At the Foreign Languages department office

Visiting Hour

Appointment on Visitation important

Research Interest

Topic: The Format Of Authority Ibn-Rashiq (d. 456A.H./1064 A.D.) Exposition Of Literary Criticism In Al-'Umda


Interest in classical Arabic literary criticism began in the early twentieth century, and many of the Arabic writers of the first half of the century dabbled in the subject. Literary criticism which I take to mean not only judgements of individual books and authors, judicial criticism, judgement, practical criticism, evidences of literary taste, but mainly what has been thought about the principles and theories of literature, its nature, its creation, its functions, its effects, its relations to the other activities of man, its kinds, devices and techniques, its origin and history is designated in the Arabic language today by term al-Naqd al-Adabi. However, al-Naqd al-Adabi as a term delineating the general area of literary study is a very recent phenomenon in the history of Arabic literature; it is a twentieth century concoction that has gained wide currency in the last few decades, but was not known as such in classical Arabic writings. Without a name to define it, any assertion of its existence in the classical period is understandably suspected. The perceptive medieval literary critic, Ibn-Rashiq al-Qayrawani, once likened the ancient and the modern Arab poets to builders and decorators respectively, after the ancients had erected the edifice and completed the construction, the modern came along to decorate and embellish the building. The analogy is indeed telling, it underlines the basic difference in the function and style of both ancients and moderns, a difference which can be detected even earlier than Ibn Rashiq presumably believed. 


# Certificate SchoolYear
1. Post-Graduate Diploma (EDUCATION (P.G.D.E)) LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY 2018

Current Research

The Response to Nature in Arabic Poetry

Research Details

Throughout this study the terms “feeling for nature”, response to nature and : shall be limited to such attitudes toward inanimate nature as are not primarily caused or conditioned by the practical needs of human life.  While obviously many an individual approach or reaction to nature may have remained inarticulate, the general directives and restrictions imposed by convention on the range of his self-expression are not likely to have overly obscured the poet’s feelings, since these frequently stand revealed through such sight indications as, for example the choice of epithet on or metaphor, in which the poet enjoyed considerably more freedom than in the selection of subject matter.

If now we compare the part accorded to feeling for nature in Arabic poetry down to about A.D 1000 – and, therewith, indirectly the part played by an aesthetical or sentimental response to nature in the Arab’s spiritual economy – with the part accorded it in Western poetry since the Renaissance, it becomes evident that, on the whole nature than to the occidental artist, both as source and as object of his inspiration.



ANIMASHAUN MARUF is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Foreign Languages


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