At the Medicine department office
Appointment on Visitation important
Topic: PREVALENCE OF ANALGELSIC NEPHROPATHY IN CKD POPULATION IN LASUTH
Analgesic nephropathy is kind of chronic interstitial nephritis which is caused by long term usage of one or more analgesic for medication. The specific medication and the dose interval required have not been fully understood (De Broe 1998). Analgesic nephropathy can be considered as one of the causes of end-stage renal failure (De Broe 1998; Chang et al. 2008). Some authorities defines analgesic nephropathy as ingestion of more than 2g of multiple analgesia which must contain phenacetin taking for more than 2 years consecutively.
Analgesic nephropathy is diagnosed with computerized tomography which shows areas of clubbed calysix, shrunken kidneys and calcifications.
analgesic nephropathy contributes about 6 to 8 % to the event of CKD in Europe. There is scarcity of data in the tropics regarding this occurrence, hence the need to fill in the gap.
The study looked at 80 patients that met the inclusion criteria and were subjected statistical analysis.
|1.||MD (Doctor of Medicine) (MBChB)||Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.||1997|
LOCALIZATION OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN CATHETERIZED ADULTS PATIENTS:EXPERIENCE WITH THE BLADDER WASHOUT TECHNIQUE.
INTRODUCTION: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection is a nosocomial infection acquired by patients admitted into hospitals who are catheterized for various reasons. The prevalence of CAUTI varies from 10.5 to 35% in previous studies done in Europe. Although perceived to be one of the commonest nosocomial infection in our hospitals, local studies on it prevalence and site of infection are sparse in Nigeria.
AIMS: This study aims at determining the prevalence of CAUTI in patients admitted to our Hospital and to localize the sites of infection using the Bladder wash out technique.
METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 226 catheterized subjects recruited over 6 months Bladder washout technique was used to localized the site of infection, and cultures of the collected urine were performed using standard laboratory techniques.
Results: A 226 patients was studied. The prevalence of uppper UTI was 48% with male preponderance.
Conclusion: The study showed a higher prevalence of CAUTI in Hospitalized patients in LASUTH. Contrary to previously held opinion, majority of the infections were upper Urinary Tract infections.
AMISU MUMUNI is a Lecturer I at the Department of Medicine
AMISU has a MD (Doctor of Medicine) in MBChB from Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.