Epidemiology And Biostatistics, Health Management
Community Health and Primary Care
At the Community Health And Primary Care department office
Appointment on Visitation important
Topic: Epidemiology Of COVID-19 Among The Paediatric Age-group In Lagos State
Less priority has been placed on COVID-19 in children as it is expected that children are more likely have severe illness and also less likely to transmit the disease. Mortality rate from COVID-19 has also been lower that for other age-groups in the population. However, children can also have severe illness, particularly those with co-morbidities.
It is also important to describe the different manifestations of COVID-19 in children from different regions as this would contribute to a greater understanding of the disease. There is also a need to explore the risk of persistent symptoms following infection with COVID-19 as well as to characterize the features of “long COVID” in Nigerian children
|1.||MPH (Public Health Field Epidemiology Practice)||University of Ibadan||2017|
A prospective assessment of health-related quality of life among adults newly-diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis attending TB-DOTS Facilities in Lagos State
Background: Tuberculosis has far-reaching effects on the social, mental and emotional well-being of patients and consequently their health-related quality of life.
Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted. Two hundred and ten (210) consenting patients were consecutively recruited from three local government areas selected in a two-stage sampling.. A semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and the WHOQOL-BREF tool were administered to the respondents. Lung function tests and clinical examinations were also conducted. Patients were assessed at baseline, two and six months. Data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.
Results: The sample population was predominantly male [108 (59.1%)]. The age distribution ranged between 15 and 70 years, with a mean age of 36.7 years (± 12.3) years. Female patients were more likely to be HIV-positive compared with males (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.2 – 9.1). Health-related quality of life was impaired in the four WHOQOL-BREF domains (physical, psychological, social and environment) at the first contact with respondents, but the values increased over the treatment period, with the largest improvement being in “environment” domain where the mean scores increased from 45.27 (±14.59) to 61.28 (±15.86). Overall HRQOL scores increased from 190.55 (±59.45) to 248.66 (±13.29) by the end of treatment. Unemployment, delay in presentation and HIV status were found to be significantly associated with HRQOL at the baseline (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Health-related quality of life of respondents with tuberculosis progressively improved across all domains over the treatment period. Delay in presentation, unemployment and HIV status were significantly associated with poor quality of life.
ADEBAYO BISOLA is a Lecturer I at the Department of Community Health and Primary Care
ADEBAYO has a MPH in Public Health Field Epidemiology Practice from University of Ibadan