Criminologyand Security Studies
At the Sociology department office
Appointment on Visitation important
Topic: Banditry And National Security: Implications For Sustainable Development Goals In Nigeria
Description: Every society aims at development of citizenry without jeopardizing the chances of its futuregenerations. One of the challenges to sustainable development is banditry. The criminal actleads to loss of lives and properties, disintegration of national unity or cohesion, destruction ofcritical infrastructures, and dispelling of investors. The dearth of literature on banditry asobstacles to national security and development motivated this paper. Hence, this paper assessesthe significant relationship between banditry, national security and sustainable development.The paper adopts qualitative research method. Data were sourced secondarily through thecontent analysis of peer-reviewed journals, dailies and credible online resources. Findingsshow that banditry involving kidnapping, armed robbery and theft, are threats to nationalsecurity. These violent crimes aggravate unemployment, food shortage, loss of lives andproperties. These aggravates crime rates in Nigeria. The paper recommends intelligencesecurity measures to checkmate the rising incidents of kidnapping in the country.
|UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS
LAND-BORDER CLOSURE AND CROSS-BORDER CRIMES: IMPLICATIONS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY: - THE NIGERIA EXPERIENCE
There are established cases where some international traders take the advantage of relaxed land-border security to commit criminal activities like smuggling, child-trafficking, human trafficking, drug-trafficking, importation of animals without quarantine clearance and other related criminal activities. These criminal activities contribute to loss of revenue, stifling of local production, repression of economic development increased in the rate of violent crimes like robbery, terrorism through illegal possession of arms and ammunitions. Hence, this study assesses the relationship between land border closure and cross-border crimes and its effects of national security. The study anchors on broken window theory by George Kelly and conflict theory by Karl Marx. The data for the study was gotten through the content analysis of the peer reviewed journals, edited books and credible online resources. Findings showed that there are established criminal activities through land borders that undermines national security. The study recommends effective land boarder control, electronic surveillance of land borders and collaboration between border-security patrol teams and border communities as one of the strategies to strengthen national security. The study will be of value to individual citizens, security agencies especially Nigeria, non-governmental organizations and researchers in the field of Social Sciences.
ABDULLAHI HARUNA is a Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Sociology
ABDULLAHI has a M.Sc in SOCIOLOGY/CRIMINOLOGY from UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS